Kia Picanto: Restraint

Kia Picanto JA 2017-2021 Service & Repair Manual / Restraint

General information
General
The supplemental restraint system (SRS) is designed to supplement the seat belt to help reduce the risk or severity of injury to the driver and passenger by activating and deploying the driver, passenger, side airbag and belt pretensioner in certain frontal or side collisions.
The SRS (Airbag) consists of ; a driver side airbag module located in the center of the steering wheel, which contains the folded cushion and an inflator unit ; a passenger side airbag module located in the passenger side crash pad contains the folded cushion assembled with inflator unit ; side airbag modules located in the front seat contain the folded cushion and an inflator unit ; curtain airbag modules located inside of the headliner which contains folded cushions and inflator units. The impact sensing function of the SRSCM is carried out by electronic accelerometer that continuously measure the vehicle’s acceleration and delivers a corresponding signal through amplifying and filtering circuitry to the microprocessor.
SRSCM (SRS Control Module)
SRSCM will detect front impact and side impact with side impact sensor, and determine airbag module deployment.
1.
DC/DC converter: DC/DC converter in power supply unit includes up/down transformer converter, and provide ignition voltage for 2 front airbag ignition circuits and the internal operation voltage of the SRSCM. If the internal operation voltage is below critical value setting, it will perform resetting.
2.
Back up power supply: SRSCM has separate back up power supply, that will supply deployment energy instantly in low voltage condition or upon power failure by front crash.
3.
Self diagnosis: SRSCM will constantly monitor current SRS operation status and detect system failure while vehicle power supply is on, system failure may be checked with trouble codes using GDS.
4.
Airbag warning lamp on: Upon detecting error, the module will transmit signal to SRSCM indicator lamp located at cluster. MIL lamp will indicate driver SRS error. Upon ignition key on, SRS lamp will turn on for about six seconds.
5.
Trouble code registration: Upon error occurrence in system, SRSCM will store DTC corresponding to the error. DTC can be cleared only by GDS. However, if an internal fault code is logged or if a crash is recorded the fault clearing should not happen.
6.
Self diagnostic connector: Data stored in SRSCM memory will be output to GDS or other external output devices through connector located below driver side crash pad.
7.
Once airbag is deployed, SRSCM should not be used again but replaced.
8.
Side airbag deployment will be determined by SRSCM that will detect satellite sensor impact signal upon side crash, irrespective to seat belt condition.
Specifications
Specification
Item
Resistance (Ω)
Driver Airbag (DAB)
1.7 - 2.3
Passenger Airbag (PAB)
1.7 - 2.3
Side Airbag (SAB)
1.9 - 2.5
Curtain Airbag (CAB)
1.7 - 2.5
Seat Belt Pretensioner (BPT)
1.8 - 2.5

Tightening Torques
Item
N·m
kgf·m
lb·ft
Driver Airbag (DAB)
7.8 - 10.8
0.8 - 1.1
5.8 - 8.0
Passenger Airbag (PAB)
7.8 - 11.8
0.8 - 1.2
5.8 - 8.7
Curtain Airbag (CAB)
7.8 - 11.8
0.8 - 1.2
5.8 - 8.7
Knee Airbag (KAB)
7.8 - 11.8
0.8 - 1.2
5.8 - 8.7
Seat Belt Anchor Bolt
39.2 - 53.9
4.0 - 5.5
28.9 - 39.8
Emergency Fastening Device (EFD)
39.2 - 53.9
4.0 - 5.5
28.9 - 39.8
SRSCM
7.8 - 9.8
0.8 - 1.0
5.8 - 7.2
Side Impact Sensor (SIS) Mounting Bolt
7.8 - 9.8
0.8 - 1.0
5.8 - 7.2
Front Impact Sensor (FIS) Mounting Bolt
8.0 - 10.0
0.8 - 1.0
6.0 - 7.4

Special service tools
Special Service Tools
Tool Name / Number
Illustration
Description
Deployment tool
0957A-34100A

Used for deploying airbag
Deployment adapter
0K57A-3U100A

Used with the deployment tool (0957A-34100A) when deploying DAB, PAB, CAB, BPT, EFD
Deployment adapter
0957A-3F100

Used with the deployment tool (0957A-34100A) when deploying KAB
Deployment adapter
0957A-2W100

Used with the deployment tool (0957A-34100A) when deploying SAB
Dummy
0957A-38200

Simulator to check the resistance of airbag wiring harness
Dummy adapter
0957A-2W200

Used with the dummy (0957A-38200)
when checking the resistance of SAB
Dummy adapter
0957A-3F000

Used with the dummy (0957A-38200)
when checking the resistance of KAB
Dummy adapter
0957A-2G000

Used with the dummy (0957A-38200)
when checking the resistance of DAB, PAB, CAB, BPT, EFD

DAB : Driver Airbag
PAB : Passenger Airbag
SAB : Side Airbag
CAB : Curtain Airbag
KAB : Knee Airbag
BPT : Seat Belt Pretensioner
EFD : Emergency Fastening Device
General safety information and caution
Precautions
General Precautions
Please read the following precautions carefully before performing the airbag system service.
Observe the instructions described in this manual, or the airbags could accidentally deploy and cause damage or injuries.
Except when performing electrical inspections, always turn the ignition switch OFF and disconnect the negative cable from the battery, and wait at least three minutes before beginning work.
   
The contents in the memory are not erased even if the ignition switch is turned OFF or the battery cables are disconnected from the battery.
Use the replacement parts which are manufactured to the same standards as the original parts and quality.
Do not install used SRS parts from another vehicle. Use only new parts when making SRS repairs.
Carefully inspect any SRS part before you install it. Do not install any part that shows signs of being dropped or improperly handled, such as dents, cracks or deformation.

Before removing any of the SRSCM parts (including the disconnection of the connectors), always disconnect the SRSCM connector.
Airbag Handling and Storage
Do not disassemble the airbags; it has no serviceable parts. Once an airbag has been deployed, it cannot be repaired or reused.
For temporary storage of the air bag during service, please observe the following precautions.
Store the removed airbag with the pad surface up.
Keep free from any oil, grease, detergent, or water to prevent damage to the airbag assembly.

Store the removed airbag on secure, flat surface away from any high heat source (exceeding 85 C/185 F).
Never perform electrical inspections to the airbags, such as measuring resistance.
Do not position yourself in front of the airbag assembly during removal, inspection, or replacement.
Refer to the scrapping procedures for disposal of the damaged airbag.
Be careful not to bump or impact the SRS unit or the side impact sensors whenever the ignition switch is ON, wait at least three minutes after the ignition switch is turned OFF before begin work.
During installation or replacement, be careful not to bump (by impact wrench, hammer, etc.) the area around the SRS unit and the side impact sensor. The airbags could accidentally deploy and cause damage or injury.
Replace the front airbag module, SRSCM when deploying the front airbag. Replace the airbag wiring when the airbag wiring get damaged. Replace the side airbag module, the curtain airbag module, SRSCM, SIS when deploying the side airbag. Replace the airbag when the airbag wiring get damaged.
After a collision in which the airbags or the side air bags did not deploy, inspect for any damage or any deformation on the SRS unit and the side impact sensors. If there is any damage, replace the SRS unit and the side impact sensors.
Do not disassemble the SRS unit and the side impact sensors.
Turn the ignition switch OFF, disconnect the battery negative cable and wait at least three minutes before beginning installation or replacement of the SRS unit.
Be sure the SRS unit and the side impact sensors are installed securely with the mounting bolts.
Do not spill water or oil on the SRS unit or the side impact sensors and keep them away from dust.
Store the SRS unit and the side impact sensors in a cool (15 - 25 C/ 59 - 77 F) and dry (30 - 80% relative humidity, no moisture) area.
Wiring Precautions
SRS wiring can be identified by special yellow outer covering Observe the instructions described in this section.
Never attempt to modify, splice, or repair SRS wiring. If there is an open or damage in SRS wiring, replace the harness.

Be sure to install the harness wires so that they are not pinched, or interfere with other parts.

Make sure all SRS ground locations are clean, and grounds are securely fastened for optimum metal-to-metal contact. Poor grounding can cause intermittent problems that are difficult to diagnose.
Precautions for Electrical Inspections
When using electrical test equipment, insert the probe of the tester into the wire side of the connector.
Do not insert the probe of the tester into the terminal side of the connector, and do not tamper with the connector.

Use a u-shaped probe. Do not insert the probe forcibly.
Use specified service connectors for troubleshooting.
Using improper tools could cause an error in inspection due to poor metal contact.
Spring-laded Lock Connector
Some SRS system connectors have a spring-loaded lock.
Airbag Connector
Disconnecting
To release the lock, pull the spring-loaded sleeve (A) and the slider (B), while holding the opposite half of the connector.
Pull the connector halves apart. Be sure to pull on the sleeve and not on the connector half.

Connecting
Hold both connector halves and press firmly until the projection(C) of the sleeve-side connector clicks to lock.

Description and operation
Warning Lamp Activation
Warning Lamp Behavior after Ignition On
As soon as the operating voltage is applied to the SRSCM ignition input, the SRSCM activates the warning lamp for a LED lamp check.
The lamp shall turn on for 6 seconds during the initialization phase and be turned off afterward.
To alert the driver, the warning lamp shall turn on for 6 seconds and off for one second then on continuously after the operating voltage is applied if any active fault exists.
1.
Active faults exist.

2.
No active faults or crash records exists.

3.
When turning the ignition switch ON during variant coding (EOL) mode, the airbag warning lamp is turned on and blinks at intervals of 1 second till the coding is completed.
In case the variant coding is normally completed, the airbag warning lamp is turned on for 6 seconds, and then turned off. Otherwise the airbag warning lamp continuously blinks at intervals of 1 second.
(1)
In case the variant coding is normally completed

(2)
In case the variant coding is not completed

When there is active fault in airbag system or SRSCM internal fault, the variant coding (EOL) can’t be completed. In this case, do the variant coding (EOL) procedure again after troubleshooting with the GDS.
SRSCM Independent Warning Lamp Activation
There are certain fault conditions in which the SRSCM cannot function and thus cannot control the operation of the airbag warning lamp. In these cases, the airbag warning lamp is directly activated by appropriate circuitry that operates independently of the SRSCM. These cases are:
1.
Loss of battery supply to the SRSCM : warning lamp turned on continuously.
2.
Loss of internal operating voltage : warning lamp turned on continuously.
3.
Loss of Microprocessor operation : warning lamp turned on continuously.
4.
SRSCM not connected : warning lamp turned on continuously.
Repair procedures
Component Replacement After Deployment
   
Before doing any SRS repairs, use the GDS to check for DTCs. Refer to the Diagnostic Trouble Code list for repairing of the related DTCs.
When the front airbag(s) deployed after a collision, replace the following items.
SRSCM
Deployed airbag(s)
Seat belt pretensioner(s)
Front impact sensors
Inspect the clock spring for heat damage.
If any damage found, replace the clock spring.
When the side/curtain airbag(s) deployed after a collision, replace the following items.
SRSCM
Deployed airbag(s)
Side impact sensor(s) for the deployed side(s)
After the vehicle is completely repaired, confirm the SRS airbag system is OK.
Turn the ignition switch ON; the SRS indicator should come on for about six seconds and then go off.
Components and components location
Components

1. Driver Airbag (DAB)
2. Clock Spring
3. Steering Wheel
4. Seat Belt Pretensioner (BPT)
5. Passenger Airbag (PAB)
6. Side Airbag (SAB)
7. Curtain Airbag (CAB)
8. Front impact sensor (FIS)
9. Knee Airbag (KAB)
10. Pressure Side Impact Sensor (P-SIS)
11. Supplemental Restraint System Control Module (SRSCM)
12. Emergency Fastening Device (EFD)
13. Front Gravity Impact Sensor

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...

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